+ Expanded Learning Time
Abt Associates conducted a five-year (2010-2016) quasi-experimental external evaluation of the implementation and impact of the Citizen Schools Expanded Learning Time (ELT) initiative as it scaled across the Citizen Schools national network.
The study found that Citizen Schools participants are significantly more likely to report that the program helps their self-esteem and pro-social behaviors and that they are also more likely to participate in activities that help them learn about college and careers. Citizen Schools participants made significant academic gains, equal to an additional three months of learning in Math, in the first year of Citizen Schools implementation at their schools.
+ STEM Apprenticeships
Abt Associates conducted the independent evaluation of Citizen Schools’ Investing in Innovation (i3) project, which focused on the implementation and impact of STEM apprenticeships within the Citizen Schools ELT model. Program impact is assessed using a quasi-experimental design (QED) to compare students who participated in at least one (and up to four) STEM-focused apprenticeships to students who participated in non-STEM-focused apprenticeships during the 2015-16 school year. In addition to the apprenticeships, since the students participated in the ELT model, they all received the same dosage of academic support programming. The evaluation included Citizen Schools’ middle school participants in 21 schools in eight urban public school districts across five states.
The evaluation found significant impacts on middle school students’ math achievement. Participation in at least one STEM apprenticeship had a significant impact on 6th grade students, an effect roughly equivalent to four months of additional math growth in a school year. This finding is particularly noteworthy given that 6th grade is a foundational year for Citizen Schools programming, and the one grade served consistently across all participating schools in the study. Also, participation in at least one STEM apprenticeship had a marginally significant impact on male students, an effect roughly equivalent to three months of additional math growth in a school year.
+ PROGRAM EFFECTS ON MIDDLE AND HIGH SCHOOL
Policy Studies Associates (PSA), a national leader in educational evaluation, conducted a rigorous longitudinal study of our Boston program from 2001 to 2010.
The study found that the Citizen Schools program engaged students who were at greater educational risk than district students overall prior to enrolling in Citizen Schools, and found substantial evidence of statistically significant positive impacts on students’ engagement in school, achievement, and graduation.